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Book Code: 9789386397515

Rangalal Mohapatra

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The book titled “Institutional Units: Performance And Efficiency Measurement” is about the application of the Non parametric technique called Data Envelopment analysis in evaluating the performances of the individual departments of the university as an institution. The book has focused on the theoretical concepts of Efficiency, its various categories and its tool such as Data Envelopment Analysis Technique and its various forms such as CCR Model (Charnes, Cooper and Rhodes) and BCC (Banker, Charnes and Cooper) model as well as the Super efficiency model with different orientations such as input and output orientation. Using CCR, BCC model and Super efficiency model, the performances of various departments of Sikkim University, a central University has been evaluated using various educational inputs and outputs. This book will be useful as a practical guide for the researchers and academicians to use DEA (data Envelopment Analysis) techniques. The economics aspects of efficiency evaluation such as merging of department and various factors leading to comparatively low performances of some departments have been explored. Hence, this book is no doubt will be useful for academicians in economics, management, policy makers, planners and researchers.


Dr. Rangalal Mohapatra has been constantly engaged in academic teaching and research for the last 14 years in various academic institutions of National importance. He is currently engaged with the Department of Economics, Sikkim University, a Central University of India at the position of Assistant professor in Economics. His main areas of teaching interest lies in Microeconomics, applied demand analysis, efficiency and productivity analysis, Public finance and measurement of Poverty and Inequalities. He completed his PhD work was on Effects of Education on Efficiency in Farm Production: An Empirical Study. Utkal University, Department of Applied and Analytical Economics, Vani Vihar, Bhubaneswar, Orissa under the guidance of Professor Bhabesh Sen (PhD Colorado, USA). The main area of research is limited to efficiency and productivity measurement in agriculture, educational institutions at micro and macro level. His publications are appeared in journals of National importance. The future research interest will be extended to Economics and Vedic Philosophy as he has deep interest in it.


Foreword . 7

Preface . 9

Acknowledgement . 13

List of Abbreviations . 15

List of Equations . 17

Executive Summary . 19

1. Introduction. 25
• Inroduction • Human Capital and Rates of Return • Signalling and Screening • Education and Economic Growth • Indirect Benefits of Education • Rankings And Reshaping Of Higher Education: The Battle • For World Class Excellence • The Importance of Measuring Productivity in Higher Education • Education Outcome Provision• Educational Production and Efficiency • Setting of the Problem • Statement of the Problem • Review of the Literature•Issues in Measuring Efficiency of Educational Institutions • Theoretical Foundations of Efficiency Measurement • Objectives of the Study • Methodology • Chapterisation.

2. Theoretical Background Of Efficiency Evaluation. 41
• Concept of Efficiency • Definition of Efficiency • Techniques • For Measuring Efficiency • Statistical Approach • Stochastic Approach • Non Parametric
( Deterministic) Approach • CCR Model of DEA Method • Output Oriented Model • Super Efficiency Dea Model.

3. Sikkim University in the Context of Education System in India . 55
• University Education in India • Initiatives by UGC on Higher Education • Sikkim University.

4. Analysis and Interpretation of the Results . 65
• Results of CCR Output Oriented Model • Output Weights of the Inefficient Dmus Under CCR Model • Department-wise Analysis of
Efficiency Under Different Models • Under Different Situations • Economics • CCR and BCC Model under the 2nd case • CCR and BCC model (3rd Case)
• International Relations (IR) • CCR and BCC Model (1st case) • CCR and BCC Model (2nd Case) • CCR and BCC Model (3rd Case) • Political Science (PSc) • CCR and BCC Model (2nd and 3rd case) • Sociology (Soc) • CR and BCC Model (2nd and 3rd Case) • Botany (Bot) • CCR and BCC Model (2nd and 3rd Case) • Chemistry (Chem) • Physics (Phy) • CCR and BCC Model (1st, 2nd and 3rd case) • Geography (Geog) • Commerce (Comm) • CCR and BCC Model (2nd and 3rd Case) • Super Efficiency Model (SE) • Conclusion • Suggestions • Limitations of the Study.

5. Education, Farm Production, and Efficiency Overall Summary of the study. 105
• Objectives of the Study • Hypotheses of the Study •Nature, Type and Sources of Data • Summary of the Results • Conclusion of the Study

References . 119

Appendices . 127

Index . 129

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