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Perspectives on Indian Education

Author Kavita A. Sharma
Year 2017
Binding Hardback
Pages 310
ISBN10, ISBN13 8121213134, 9788121213134
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The Title 'Perspectives on Indian Education written/authored/edited by Kavita A. Sharma', published in the year 2017. The ISBN 9788121213134 is assigned to the Hardcover version of this title. This book has total of pp. 310 (Pages). The publisher of this title is Gyan Publishing House. This Book is in English. The subject of this book is Education.
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The book, “Perspectives on Indian Education” has essays written by the author over a period of several years. It has three sections. The first deals with the long journey that Education took before it became a justiciable right of the people and describes some of the major institutions pertaining to education like
the Association of Indian Universities, the University Grants Commission and the National University of Educational Planning and Development.
The second section provides insights into some contemporary challenges. Consisting of six chapters, it deals with issues related to globalization and internationalization; the increased demand for higher education; affirmative action; skill development; the rise of private education and the correlation between teaching and research.
The final section, consisting of four essays are devoted to some spiritual aspects of education together with the thinking of a few nationalist leaders like Swami Vivekananda, Sri Aurobindo and Pt. Madan Mohan Malviya.


Kavita A. Sharma is currently the President of South Asian University, New Delhi. She taught at Hindu College, Delhi University for about 37 years (1971–2008). She was also a student of the same college and finally served as its Principal for 10years (1998–2008). She was the Director of India International Centre, New Delhi (2008–2014).She is the Life Member of several prestigious associations and institutes including Indian Association for Canadian Studies, Indian Law Institute, Association of Comparative Literature and Indian History Congress. Dr Sharma has been a recipient of Indo-Canadian Shastri Fel lows hiptwice ( 1991 – 92 and 2002–2003) and has also been awarded the Fulbright Fellowship New Century Scholar (2007–08) for research on ‘Higher Education in the 21st Century: Access and Equity’ by the J. William Fulbright Foreign Scholarship Board. She has several published books to her credit, including Internationalization of Higher Education: An Aspect of India’s Foreign Relations (2008), Sixty Years of the University Grants Commission: Establishment, Growth and Evolution (2013), Hindu College, Delhi – A People’s Movement (2014), Windmills of the Mind (2006), Queens of Mahabharata (2006) and Birds, Beasts, Men and Nature in the Mahabharata (2008).
She has contributed extensively to research journals. She participates regularly in seminars and conferences in India and abroad on subjects such as higher education, gender issues, diaspora and the Mahabharata.


Foreword 11
Acknowledgement 13
Preface 15
Part - I
1. Education as a Constitutional Right 19
• Directive Principle versus Fundamental Right • International Recognition of Fundamental Rights • Fundamental Rights in the Indian Constitution • The Saikia Committee • Expert Group • Recommendations of the Saikia ommittee • Basic Minimum Facilities • Primary Responsibility • The Present-day Scenario.
2. Association of Indian Universities: The Precursor to UGC  41
• The Background • Indian Universities Act, 1860 • Indian Education Commission, 1882 • Inter-University Board (IUB) • Recommendations for a University Grants Commission (UGC) • Registration and Rechristening as AIU
• Enhancing the Relevance of AIU.
3. Establishment of the University Grants Commission 55
• The Radhakrishnan Commission • Early Years • The UGC Bill in Parliament • The UGC Act • The UGC Today • Growth and Development • Expansion and Autonomy.
4. NUEPA —From Regional Centre to University 77
• Why UNESCO? • The Karachi Plan • Establishing the Regional Centre • The Early Years • Objectives of Training Courses • Widening the Educational Base • The Importance of District Level Planning • The National Staff College for Educational Planners and Administrators (NSCEPA) • The Second Decade of Development • National Institute of Educational Planning and Administration (NIEPA) • The Achievements • The Task Ahead • Views and Suggestions • NIEPA to NUEPA.
Part - II
5. Indian Higher Education: Challenges of Globalisation and Emergence of the Private Sector 105
• Contemporary Public Higher Education in India • The Emergence of the PrivateSector • The Position was Reiterated in 1992 • Massification of Higher Education • The Impact of Globalisation and Democracy • Early Private Higher Education • Contemporary Private Higher Education • The Futuristic Vision • Models for Private Higher Education • Need for Government Policy.
6. Research in Higher Education 121
• Emergence of Universities and the State • Issues Pertaining to Research • Opportunities in Research • Formulation of the Research Problem • Balance between Teaching and Research.
7. Internationalisation of Higher Education: An Aspect of India’s Foreign Relations 133
• India’s Educational and Cultural Diplomacy • Indian Council for Cultural Relations (ICCR) • Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation (ITEC) Programme • Internationalisation of Indian Higher Education • International Student Mobility: The Indian Situation • The Roadblocks • India’s External Relations and the Education Sector • The Way Forward • Conclusion.
8. Affirmative Action in India: The Caste and Class Conflict 151
• Introduction • The Background • The Divisiveness of the Caste-Class Argument • The Balaji Case • The Second Backward Classes Commission: B.P. Mandal • The Indra Sawhney Case • Ashok Kumar Thakur vs. Union of India and Others (2008) • Contentions of the Government • Interim Orders of the Court • The Final Judgement.
9. Religious Minorities, Sachar Committee and Affirmative Action 177
• Introduction • Education and Minorities • The Sachar Committee Report • The Muslim Population in India and Its Distribution • The Muslim OBCs • Higher Education and Employment in the Muslim Community • School Education • Madrasas and Maqtabs • Education and Employment of Muslim OBCs • The Identity Problem • Affirmative Action So Far • What Can Be Done • After the Sachar Committee • Conclusion.
10. Efficacy of Quotas and Alternatives 199
• Introduction • An Effort at Outcomes • Caste as an Indicator • Other Indicators Besides Caste • School Education • Can Caste Be the Only Criterion for Affirmative Action? • Intent of the Constituent Assembly • Poverty as an Indicator of Social and Educational Backwardness • The Diversity Index • Conclusion.
11. Access and Equity through Tertiary Education 221
• Why Access • Resistance to Vocational Education • Industrial Training Institutes • Polytechnics • Skills for Progress • Skill Development Initiative of the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) • Weaknesses Pointed out by the Working Group on Higher Education—Eleventh Five-Year Plan • Open and Distance Learning (ODL) • Emphasis on Skill Development • Higher Education and Community Colleges • Community Colleges • Fulfilling the Constitutional Provisions of Access, Equity and Relevance in Higher Education.
Part - III
12. Education and the Widening of Consciousness 241
• Developments in the Twentieth Century • Interconnectedness and Technology • The Skills Required • Acquiring Knowledge • Expanding Mental Consciousness • Achieving Transformation • Role of Educational Institutions • The Task Ahead.
13. Swami Vivekananda’s Views on Education 259
• Introduction • Decline of Indigenous Education • Manifesting the Perfection Within • Formation of Character • Developing the Personality • Attaining Knowledge • The Teacher and the Taught • Educating the Masses • Conclusion.
14. Aim of Higher Education: An Aurobindonian Paradigm 269
• Introduction • Aim of Higher Education, Collective and Individual • Higher Education in India • Education of the Parts of the Being • The Role of the Teacher and the Three Principles of Teaching • Setting Up a Centre for Higher
Education • Conclusion.
15. Education and Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya 281
• The Background • Preoccupation with Education • Poverty, Industrial Growth and Importance of Education • Macaulay, Modernisation and Education • Indian Thinking on Education • Pt. Madan Mohan Malaviya and Banaras Hindu University.
Index 297





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